On 26 August 1768, Captain James Cook departed Plymouth on the first of three voyages of discovery.
The voyage was supported by the Royal Navy and Royal Society and had two aims: to observe and record the Transit of Venus on 3-4 June 1769, and to seek evidence of the ‘unknown southern land’ referred to at the time as ‘Terra Australis Incognita’.
It was the first of three significant expeditions commanded by Cook, all of which started from Plymouth.
Cook is one of the explorers who will be highlighted in our ‘100 Journeys’ gallery in 2020. The gallery will look at the range and types of journey that have left the port of Plymouth and their impact on the wider world.